• Çukurambar Mahallesi, Muhsin Yazıcıoğlu Cad. No:8/21
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Çukurambar Mahallesi, Muhsin Yazıcıoğlu Cad. No:8/21 Çankaya/ANKARA

The hymen (derived from Hymenaeus, the god of marriage and wedding ceremony in ancient Greek mythology) is a 2 to 3 mm thick membranous tissue located 2-3 cm inside the vaginal opening, partially closing the external vaginal entrance. This tissue, which can be in various shapes, is usually crescent-shaped. It is located at the entrance to the vagina and is surrounded by thin capillaries. Although the hymen is often thought to be a membrane because of its name, it is not actually a real membrane. It has no known anatomical function. It is thought to prevent the entry of microorganisms into the vagina before the fertile age.

This tissue loses its integrity during the first sexual intercourse (the first night, also called the first vaginal penetration), resulting in a small amount of bleeding. The amount of this bleeding may rarely be excessive. Bleeding can be stopped by applying compression with cotton or gauze for 10-15 minutes while observing the area with the help of a mirror. If bleeding continues despite this, you may need to apply a doctor. In some cases, there may be no bleeding at all. The absence of bleeding may be due to the excessive flexibility of the hymen and its structure that allows sexual intercourse.

Cycling, horseback riding, falling from a height, masturbation, sexual intercourse and friction may cause the hymen to lose its integrity and cause bleeding.
The hymen takes its shape and structure in the embryonic period, and 1 out of every 1000 women is born without a hymen.
If couples have sexual knowledge before the first intercourse, they will have less fear and prejudice. One of the most important causes of vaginismus is the fear of tearing, bleeding and hurting the hymen.

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